Probiotics May Fight Tooth Decay

IPA AdminFrom The Gut

  One thing stands out when watching an old movie. Very few actors had perfect teeth. Today most young people in developed countries look as though they just stepped out of Photoshop. Orthodontics of course are widespread. But there is one other thing that is drastically different. Fluoride. This mineral which is added to water supplies—most often in the United … Read More

Probiotics May Change Your Drug Dose

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  Medications affect different people in different ways. Now scientists think that gut microbes and enzymes may be one reason. This review explores mechanisms including biotransformation, bioactivation, and biodegradation as well as up- or down-regulation of the epithelial transporters. These reactions may lead to overdosing or underdosing. Read more about this new thinking here in Current Issues in Molecular Biology. … Read More

Probiotics in Chronic Stress

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Probiotics have been shown to reduce the ill effects of chronic stress on intestinal function. Researchers from the Netherlands wondered if mast cells played a part. In recently published work with rats, they were able to see protective effects of probiotics when mast cells were present.        

Kiwi: The Beauty Inside

IPA AdminFrom The Gut

Kiwifruit turns up everywhere these days. Once considered an exotic fruit, this furry brown nugget with brilliant and juicy green flesh dresses many a fruit salad across the globe. No wonder its scientific name is Actinidia deliciosa. It is often called just kiwi but that more accurately describes a flightless bird of New Zealand as well as the self-chosen nickname … Read More

Skinny Genes

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Fecal microbiota from adult human twins–one obese and one not–were transplanted into germ-free mice fed low-fat mouse chow or diets representing typical U.S. menus. The obese phenotype was transmitted. And notably, mice with the lean twin’s microbiota prevented the increased body mass in cagemates harboring an obese twin’s microbiota. The diet changed the outcome. Read more of this fascinating result … Read More

Probiotics May Soothe Arthritis

IPA AdminFrom The Gut

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is an autoimmune disorder in which immune and inflammatory response causes pain along with cartilage and bone degradation; it can lead to significant disability and compromises quality of life. People with RA often suffer from gastrointestinal disturbances: bloating, gastric pain, nausea and constipation and diarrhea. And interestingly, they have microbiota that differ from healthy patients. Fewer Bifidobacterium … Read More

Staying Safe in the Scrum

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  Getting sick is no fun for anyone, but elite athletes fear it most. Researchers in New Zealand gave 30 rugby players either probiotics or placebo over a four week period and then reversed it. Results were impressive: only six on placebo went without a single infection (respiratory or gastrointestinal) while more than twice as many–14– stayed healthy on probiotics … Read More

Literary License for Probiotics

IPA AdminFrom The Gut

Probiotics are trending. How do I know? New Yorker magazine assigned staff writer Michael Specter to the case. His Germs Are Us article paints a pretty picture of the future for probiotics. Specter begins with a well-known pathogen, Heliobacter pylori or H.pylori, most associated with stomach ulcers. He visits Martin J. Blaser, microbiologist at New York University School of Medicine … Read More

Probiotics Making Inroads with Allergies

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  Allergic rhinitis is an inflammation of nasal passages and affects more and more people every year. Treatment though is hit-or-miss. Probiotics may help by interacting with the immune system; much depends on the type of bacterium, route of administration, dosing, regimen, and other underlying host factors. Much is still unknown as this review in North American Journal of Medical … Read More

Bugs Do Make the Picnic

IPA AdminFrom The Gut

  As summer winds down for many in the northern hemisphere, one last barbecue is a lovely way to kiss the season goodbye. Grab some hot dogs and hamburgers and fire up the grill? Maybe best not. Stop and think about what you are doing: the hot flames make these saturated fat, high cholesterol processed meats even more lethal: heterocyclic … Read More