Diabetes means blood sugars are hard to control.
- Type I is a result of genetic predisposition combined with autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic beta cells which produce insulin.
- Type 2 results from impaired insulin production and resistance in muscles, liver and fat cells.
- And a third type, gestational diabetes is glucose intolerance during pregnancy.
The goal for all three is to maintain normal blood sugars through diet, medication and exercise.
Intestinal bacteria are known to play a critical role in insulin resistance. In a number of studies in both rodents and humans, live microbial food supplements have been effective in treating insulin resistance.
Also, there is an imbalance between two dominant groups of beneficial bacteria, the Bacteroidetes and the Firmicutes; this imbalance may be intricately involved in diabetes outcome.
Further reading on diabetes and probiotics: